Craftsmanship reflects a centuries-old culture of the Castro way of life that over the generations has uniquely known how to transform their raw materials into utilitarian and decorative objects worthy of appreciation and use for their originality and charm.
Basketry uses the materials that exist in the region, like many other arts, and can be basketry in wicker, also known as cracked wood (usually using brown wood and also oak) or basketry which uses rye straw, silva and sometimes wicker as its raw material. These utensils were used in the most diverse activities, from the harvest, the transport of agricultural products, storage, etc.
The containers used in the kitchen, such as jars, sugar, coffee makers and others, were almost always made in clay by local artisans. The most famous potter of all in this county was Mr. José Maria de Ribolhos. Produced utensils in black clay, so named because of the kind of cooking that gave the black hue. With the development and modernization of the type Mr. José Maria turned to artistic pottery, creating a very artistic genre of his own, namely (some of these figures are on display at the Castro Daire Municipal Museum) and are the subject of several reports on television, articles in publications devoted to crafts.
Weaving comes almost as a consequence of grazing, and the use of wool is widespread. All over the county sheared the sheep were spun to wool and from there made the coarser garments such as socks, coats and the indispensable capucha diverse that protects from the wind and cold and conserves the body heat, still used today more in the northern part of the county. In the making of butel It was indispensable the Pisão, a rudimentary instrument, rough and heavy, which consisted in tightening the plot and the web to make it thick and resistant.
The Haystack, or also called the crown, stone, croça or even straw, is a piece of clothing and clothing of the man when he left from home to go with the cattle, turn the water, among other things, being protected from the weather. The craftsmen to make it perform various tasks These range from boring together, building braids or careers and then arranging the whole body to the haystack with its head, flaps or codfish. It is also manufactured A complementary piece are the leg warmers used to protect the legs to the knee.
The chip hat is widely used, both summer protecting from the sun and winter saving from the rain. The raw material used was straw rye where the most resistant rye stalks were selected. These stems were then plaited five or seven into braids. In its original form, the hat consists of a crown, according to the size of the head, and a broad brim, which is built on the knee starting with the cap making advance the braids in a spiral motion by sewing them with needle and thread. Proceeding to the same system, it advances and widens the movement of the braids until reaching the width the desired tab.
Clogs were excellent footwear for the shepherds and farmers who walked on uncertain paths, uneven water-filled streets and sidewalks, and even manure. The raw material used in the preparation of the clog is leather and alderwood (hardwood). The feet were protected and warm with the wool socks made With five needles.
This is one of the technologies that holds some memory of early metal foundries. Is the manufacture of bells and rattles that meets a need from a region linked to parturition and cattle breeding. Bronze, three thousand years old in our county, copper alloy and tin are the raw material used. As a source of heat a small forge was used for the casting of the metal which was then poured into the mold, today replaced by a fan.
The plastics replaced the tinplate and it was in decay. With the introduction of electricity there was a limitation on the use of lamps and lamps. However, there are still some lighting pieces used when there is a power outage or where there is no electricity yet. You can still find throughout the county pieces such as watering cans and pitchers.